TYPES OF DISHES
Crash: They are created for the most engaging phases, they give a fast and explosive sound. The most common range is from 14 “to 19”. The smaller the measurements, the higher the pitch will be.
Ride: Generally they go from 18 “to 24” and are characterized by the fact that they have a clear and well-defined sound, where the wand makes its classic “tinkling” of accompaniment. The ride is often used by drummers to keep time as an accompaniment. In the market, there are also many Crash / Ride, which are hybrid plates, usable from both crash and ride, but with intermediate characteristics, darker than a normal crash and less defined than a classic ride. They are usually used by those looking for a very “dirty” and poorly defined accompaniment sound.
Splash: This type of plate was created to have a short, sharp sound with no overtones. Generally, their measurements range from 6 “to 12”.
Hi-Hat: Commonly called the hi-hat, this pair of cymbals produce the classic very defined sound also called “chip”. Mainly used for accompaniment, they are played either with the hands or with a special rod with the feet. Their most frequent measurements are 13 “and 14”, but it is not uncommon to find them smaller or 15 “.
China: They have the classic explosive and gloomy sound. Used mainly in rock, their measurements are generally 14 “, 16” or 18 “. The china allows the drummer to have that sound of very rough impact, often associated with the snare drum or another dish to increase its effectiveness and presence.
Perforated dishes: In addition to the “classic” dishes, for some years now there has been a boom in so-called perforated plates. If you’ve seen any video on YouTube that relates to batteries, there is no brand of dishes that don’t push your own. It’s crash, splash, china and even hi-hat with holes. Dave Weckl was among the first to use these dishes ( Sabian series O-Zone ) and today they are very common. If you’re wondering what changes, I’ll answer you right away. Applying the holes to the plates, it takes away the resonance and the brightness and therefore a crash will have less tail and it will be more like a China.
Stack: Even here we are at the boom. Today all the famous drummers have (have been equipped with) at least one stack. “Stack”, from the English ” pile “, “pile”, are two overlapping plates. A crash and a splash, or two crashes, often overlap. Someone even puts a plate under a splash, with the sole purpose of shortening the tail of the plate and obtaining a characteristic effect. They are obviously not dishes that are used for the classic spectate, but as a result, they are very funny.
Here too there have been precursors. Always Dave Weckl in the 90s overlapped a slope and a crash to get that effect. Today there are combinations of dishes already made and you don’t necessarily have to make an effort or tests, it’s all already packaged. I use them often, also recycling old broken dishes.
“Before buying them, try them together with your dishes”
… AND THE BELL?
Let’s not forget the dish bell.
The bell is that swollen central part, right where the hole is positioned.
The shape of the bell influences the sound of the pot and is not only useful for being hit (as for the ride). Dishes with large bells have a longer tail, more reverb and more harmonious.
The dishes without bell have very little resonance and almost no tail.
Buying drum cymbals can be really a fantastic and challenging or long and frustrating experience. The sound of the dishes varies due to a thousand different reasons. Dishes of the same brand, series, and diameter may have different sounds due to the work they undergo. My advice is to first make a macro-choice based on gender.
“If you have to save, don’t do it on the plates”
Then think about your budget and immediately discard the dishes that for one reason or another are not for you. Then get advice from the shopkeeper and try a few. If you buy more than one, maybe try them together, or if you have to buy a dish to add to your set, I recommend bringing your dishes to the store to see if the new dish fits well.
In general, if you really need to save a little (and often it is an obligatory choice), better spend a little less on the battery, but avoid taking the dishes too cheap. A mid-level battery can still sound very good, but the cheap cymbals will give very little satisfaction.